Agricultural tractor market in Poland

Agricultural tractor market in Poland

The Polish agricultural tractor market is still potentially large. There are approximately 1,444 thousand agricultural tractors in use in Poland with an average power of 45.3 kW, their average age is approximately 25 years, and the degree of wear is 77%. From 20 to 30 thousand tractors are registered annually – these machines are both new and used, imported from abroad.

The number and condition of tractors in Poland

The agricultural tractor market is one of the most important segments of the agricultural machinery market. In Poland, it is still a potentially large market. According to the preliminary results of the agricultural census conducted in 2020, there were approximately 1,444 thousand tractors on farms. In 2020, there were about 1.1 tractors per farm on average. The average area of agricultural land per 1 tractor was approximate 10 ha.

The age of a tractor is one of the basic parameters of its wear. Research from 2018 indicates a high degree of machine degradation in Poland – their wear is at the level of 77%. Most tractors have been in use for more than 20 years (the average age is 25 years), and tractors even 40 years old are still in service. Much more used tractors are registered than new ones. The group of used tractors includes machines aged 21-25 – 2954 tractors, 16-20 years – 2941 tractors, and even over 30 years – 2885 tractors (data for 2018).

The age and number of registered tractors vary by region. In the western and northern areas characterised by larger farms, more tractors have greater power and higher prices. Farmers from southern and eastern Poland, where farms are smaller, are more likely to buy second-hand and less powerful tractors.

Sales of tractors in Poland

According to the Polish Chamber of Commerce for Agricultural Machines and Facilities (Polska Izba Gospodarcza Maszyn i Urządzeń Rolniczych), sales of agricultural tractors in the first quarter of 2021 in Poland amounted to 2870 new tractors – this is the best result since 2014. And 756 units more were sold compared to the same period a year ago, which means an increase of 35.8%. Since the beginning of 2021, 5729 tractors have been sold (compared to 2020, an increase of 14.6%).

In 2020, 27328 agricultural tractors were sold, including 11049 new tractors and 16279 used tractors. In the group of new machines, both domestic (9937) and imported from abroad (1,112) vehicles were purchased. Among the used tractors, domestic vehicles were registered in the number of 2006 tractors and imported vehicles in the number of 14273 tractors. The most significant number of agricultural tractors was purchased in the voivodships: Masovian, Greater Poland and Lublin. And the least in the voivodships: Opole, Lubusz, and West Pomeranian.

Leaders of the agricultural tractor market in Poland

The best-selling new agricultural tractors in Poland in 2020 include brands: New Holland – 1917 tractors (market share: 18.3%), Kubota – 1224 tractors (market share: 12.3%), and John Deere – 1191 tractors (market share: 12%). The leader of the used tractors market is John Deere – 731 used tractors of this brand were registered (market share of used vehicles: 14.6%).

The ten most purchased agricultural tractors in Poland in 2020 include Zetor Major 80CL (284 tractors), Deutz-Fahr 5110G (236 tractors), John Deere 6120M (209 tractors), as well as New Holland TD 5.85, New Holland T6. 125, Kubota M5091, Massey Ferguson MF5710, Kubota L2501, New Holland T4.75S, John Deere 6155M.

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Author: Marta Dzienkiewicz

Sources:

Rynek ciągników w Polsce (Tractor market in Poland), Więckowska M., 2021.

Dane o rynku ciągników rolniczych (Agricultural tractor market data), Biernat D., 2021.

10 najczęściej kupowanych ciągników rolniczych w Polsce w 2020 r. (Top 10 most purchased agricultural tractors in Poland in 2020), Kowalski M., 2020.

Informator PIGMIUR nr. 2/2021 (Directory no. 2/2021), Polska Izba Gospodarcza Maszyn i Urządzeń Rolniczych (Polish Chamber of Commerce for Agricultural Machines and Facilities).

Informacja o wstępnych wynikach Powszechnego Spisu Rolnego 2020. Informacja sygnalna (Information on the preliminary results of the 2020 Agricultural Census), Główny Urząd Statystyczny (Statistics Poland).

Regional structure of tractor market in Poland, Lorencowicz E., Uziak J., „Agricultural Engineering”, nr 24, 2020.